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All original content on this page is copyright by Morgan S. Davis. Essays and works by others on this page are all copyright their respective authors. Pictures of the O.T.O. Charter and the letters from Doreen Valiente to Allen Greenfield are copyright by the Ordo Templi Orientis in America and Allen Greenfield, reproduced here with his permission. All of this material should not be reproduced without permission or licensing unless it follows the guidelines for fair use as described by Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 107 of US Code (see below). (Reproduction of large portions of the essays on this website are not covered under fair use, as the value of these essays is in their reproduction and not, like many of the Gardner materials discussed below, an association value. Also, any reproduction of these essays in part should always state the author. Though it is not a matter of legality, it would be courteous to link back to this website anytime a portion of these essays is reproduced elsewhere on the web. Before you reproduce any material from this or any other website like it, read this article and think about it.)

I am reproducing copyrighted material on this website as a service for the purpose of education, research, and commentary. The "Witches Mill Booklet," the letter from Gardner to Vernon Symonds, the letters from Earth Religion News, and various pictures are reproduced here without permission of the copyright owners under the fair use rights granted under Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 107 of US Code. That text states:

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include -
(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
(2) the nature of the copyrighted work;
(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

I am fulfilling these stipulations in the following ways:

  1. The "Witches Mill Booklet," letters, and pictures are reproduced here strictly for educational purposes. I do not profit in any way from this website and those documents in particular. (Advertisement revenue is used exclusively to cover operating costs.)
  2. The copyrighted work is text previously paraphrased and reproduced in other published works for the purpose of commentary and criticism. It is not a work of art whose value is singularly damaged or threatened by reproduction.
  3. I have reproduced the entirety of the letters and the booklet in good faith. While not outside of the rights of fair use, reproduction in full makes the claims of these rights serious and debatable. Additionally, the duplication rights granted to libraries and archives in section 108 also apply.
  4. The market value for the letters and the booklet are not damaged by reproduction. A single metal charm bead from the Witches Mill has sold at auction for $75. That type of bead's normal market value is, perhaps, $0.20--its inflated value is determined entirely by its association with Gardner and the Witches Mill. The letter and booklet reproduced here are likewise valuable because of their association and value as historical artifacts. Their text is already legally publicly available and has been for some time. There has also been no attempt by the copyright owner to profit from reprints of this material.

For further information regarding fair use rights, please see

Anyone who has questions, comments, or challenges--please feel free to email contact me. I wish to keep this website free and unrestricted, but knowledge and compliance to copyright laws is necessary for that goal to be accomplished.